Religion in the Civil War: Yet it immediately raised to national crisis a conflict that had been spilling blood regionally for decades. Both North and South looked to God for meaning, and each side believed—with equal fervor and certitude—that God was on its side.
The Southern Argument for Slavery Southern slaveholders often used biblical passages to justify slavery. Those who defended slavery rose to the challenge set forth by the Abolitionists.
The defenders of slavery included economics, history, religion, legality, social good, and even humanitarianism, to further their arguments. Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy.
The cotton economy would collapse. The tobacco crop would dry in the fields. Rice would cease being profitable. Defenders of slavery argued that if all the slaves were freed, there would be widespread unemployment and chaos.
This would lead to uprisings, bloodshed, and anarchy.
They pointed to the mob's "rule of terror" during the French Revolution and argued for the continuation of the status quo, which was providing for affluence and stability for the slaveholding class and for all free people who enjoyed the bounty of the slave society.
Some slaveholders believed that African Americans were biologically inferior to their masters. During the s, this arguement was taken quite seriously, even in scientific circles.
Defenders of slavery argued that slavery had existed throughout history and was the natural state of mankind. The Greeks had slaves, the Romans had slaves, and the English had slavery until very recently.
Defenders of slavery noted that in the Bible, Abraham had slaves. They point to the Ten Commandments, noting that "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, Defenders of slavery turned to the courts, who had ruled, with the Dred Scott Decisionthat all blacks — not just slaves — had no legal standing as persons in our courts — they were property, and the Constitution protected slave-holders' rights to their property.
The northern and southern democrats were split between a battle in which southerners demanded a strong endorsement of slavey and westerners supported the idea of popular sovereignty. Southern slaveholders often used biblical passages to justify slavery. Those who defended slavery rose to the challenge set forth by the Abolitionists. The defenders of slavery included economics, history, religion, legality, social good, and even humanitarianism, to further their arguments. THE ANTAGONISM of Northern and Southern sentiment on the subject of slavery lies at the root of all the difficulties which have resulted in the dismemberment of the federal Union, and involved us in the horrors of an unnatural war. And here we may venture to lay before the Christian world our views as a church upon the subject of slavery.
Defenders of slavery argued that the institution was divine, and that it brought Christianity to the heathen from across the ocean. Slavery was, according to this argument, a good thing for the enslaved. Calhoun said, "Never before has the black race of Central Africa, from the dawn of history to the present day, attained a condition so civilized and so improved, not only physically, but morally and intellectually.
They said that their owners would protect and assist them when they were sick and aged, unlike those who, once fired from their work, were left to fend helplessly for themselves. James Thornwell, a minister, wrote in"The parties in this conflict are not merely Abolitionists and slaveholders, they are Atheists, Socialists, Communists, Red Republicans, Jacobins on the one side and the friends of order and regulated freedom on the other.
Such unrest was used by many as a reason to continue slavery. When a society forms around any institution, as the South did around slavery, it will formulate a set of arguments to support it. The Southerners held ever firmer to their arguments as the political tensions in the country drew us ever closer to the Civil War.
The Peculiar Institution Quiz What invention led to the increased concentration of slavery in the South?In the Election of , the Democratic Party split into two parties, the Northern Democratic Party and the Southern Democratic Party. By the late s, the Democratic Party was split over the issue of slavery.
How did Northern ideas on slavery effect Southern views that led to the US Civil War? Stephany Martin Period 1 Northern and Southern views on liberty during the Civil War There are many different ways to define liberty and many different ways to define who is entitled to liberty.
Sep 22, · On September 22, I spent a few hours at Macungie on my way home from chasing the Reading & Northern.
Hope you enjoy the video, please note I only know o. THE ANTAGONISM of Northern and Southern sentiment on the subject of slavery lies at the root of all the difficulties which have resulted in the dismemberment of the federal Union, and involved us in the horrors of an unnatural war.
The Library's impression of "Southern Ideas of Liberty" is printed on the same sheet as "New Method of Assorting the Mail" (no. ). Both prints are closer stylistically to lithographs published in Boston, particularly those of J.H.
Bufford, than with ones produced in New York or Philadelphia during this period.