Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development: Young Adults The young adult has numerous stresses placed upon them through the route of development. Erikson has theorised developmental stages of growth into tasks.
Moral Development and Importance of Moral Reasoning - Introduction: Lawrence Kohlberg was the follower of Piaget’s theory of Moral development in principle but wanted to make his own theory by expanding his theory and study on that particular topic. Eriksons stages of psychosocial development, as articulated by Erik Erikson, is a psychoanalytic theory which identifies eight earrings judith viorst pdf stages through which a healthily developing human. Moral Development and Importance of Moral Reasoning - Introduction: Lawrence Kohlberg was the follower of Piaget’s theory of Moral development in principle but wanted to make his own theory by expanding his theory and study on that particular topic.
Contact Us Freud and Erikson? Among early developmental theories, the most influential and controversial theory of development was proposed by Sigmund Freud. Freud proposed psychosexual stages of development, which changed the entire view on the childs development Storr, Erickson followed the footsteps of Freud but disagreed with his psychosexual stages to some extent and proposed his psychosocial stages of development.
Although there are lots of similarities as Erickson theory of development is heavily influenced by Freuds work, but it is also very different in its own unique way Bee, This essay is focused on similarities and differences between these two theories and also research for and against each theory.
Freud proposed that child development happens in fixed stages, which he named as psychosexual stages of development. He introduced the concept of libido, which is concentrated on different erogenous zones during different stages of development.
Freud believed that if psychosexual stages are completed successfully, a healthy personality is developed, but if a conflict is not resolved at any stage, a fixation can occur, which means that individual will be stuck at that stage until the conflict is resolved.
Erickson also believed that development takes place in the form of predetermined stages, but instead of five, he proposed eight stages. He suggested that development of healthy personality is formed by mastering the inner and outer dangers and if a certain capacity is not formed at its schedule, it can have unfavourable consequences on the development.
According to Freud and Erickson, the first stage starts from birth and lasts approximately up to a year. Freud called this an oral stage and the libido is concentrated on the mouth area. The infant drives the pleasure from the mouth by sucking, feeding and biting.
Freud believed an over oral stimulation leads to oral receptive personality which results in over dependent and self-centred individual.
Whereas, under oral stimulation could lead to an oral aggressive personality i. Erickson on the other hand, called this stage as Trust vs. Mistrust and suggests that during this stage; child is dependent on the caregiver for his needs and the quality of care defines the personality of the person.
This stage is comparable to Freud Oral stage as Ericson believed that failure to develop trust between infant and caregiver will result in mistrust in the self and the world, which is similar to oral aggressive personality traits.
But too much protectiveness can lead to over-dependence and gullibility which are also the traits of oral receptive personality. The balance is required to achieve a healthy personality by both Freud and Erickson Gay, The second stage in psychosexual stages is an anal stage, which starts at around 1 year up to 3 years.
Freud suggested that libido is centred at the anus and child draws pleasure from controlling bowel movements. Fixation at this stage can either lead to anal retentive personality, which means a stringy, extraordinary orderly, rigid and obsessive personality or anal expulsive, which is a very messy, disorganised and rebellious personality.
According to psychosocial stages, this stage is called autonomy versus doubt, child develop some self-sufficiency during this stage and like Freud, Ericson also believed that potty training plays an important role during this age but refused the idea that this stage can only be defined by potty training.
Erickson suggests that self esteem is build at this stage through gaining control over major muscular development; holding bowels is required for a childs self esteem.
According to Freud, the third stage of development, phallic stage is very important in a childs development. This stage begins at the age of 3 until 5 and the focus of libido is at genitals in both sexes.
The pleasure is gained through masturbation.Scope and content note. This series contains various documents related to Erik Erikson, including. a prospectus describing a six-part film series documenting Erik and Joan Erikson’s lives and work; and the first page of an undated biography of Erikson.
believe that Freud misjudged some important dimensions of human development. Throughout this essay, Erikson’s psychosocial model will be explored, discussed and evaluated interms of it’s concepts, theories and assumptions.
The. theoretical underpinning will be discussed with reference to the nature versus nurture. Psychosocial Stages Essay. Psychosocial Stages in Relation to Lia Erik Erikson, a developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychosocial developmental on human beings, proposed a lifespan model of development taking in five stages up to the age of eighteen and three further stages beyond into adulthood.
Erikson suggests that establishing a sense of safety and trust is a crucial developmental task, and that failure to do so has long-term developmental implications. Erikson believed that children develop through a number of stages. Developmental psychologist Erik H. Erikson () was best known for his theory on social development of human beings, and for coining the phrase identity crisis..
The theory describes eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. Erik Erikson was a German-born American from - Erik Erikson Stages of Personality Development Essay introduction. Erik was known for his psychosocial theory of emotional development of human beings.