Share1 Shares Poultry Farming in Nigeria is probably one of the most lucrative farming business you can do in Nigeria especially when it is setup and managed properly. The farmers we currently have are not producing enough poultry and will not be enough even in the next ten years! This aspect of livestock farming presents one of the finest opportunity for entrepreneurs to make good money within the shortest period of time possible. This is made possible by the quick maturity of chicken.
For further information, please contact Mr. The purpose of each paper is to help fellow population specialists at the regional and country level carry out such tasks as: For this purpose, each paper provides factual information on the environmental issue s under review, tries to elucidate the role of population variables, proposes analytical tools and examines statistical information problems where appropriate.
The first paper focused on water resources issues. Suggestions for further distribution and requests from field projects are welcome. In addition, various forms of degradation attack that resource as a result of various natural and human-made factors.
This paper is devoted to a review of some related issues. Such loss occurs mainly because of various forms of erosion by wind and water and of chemical and physical deterioration. Water runoff carries the topsoil away; this occurs under most climatic and physical conditions.
Displacement of topsoil by wind action is more widespread in arid and semi-arid climates than under more humid conditions. The loss of topsoil reduces fertility because [a] as the soil becomes denser and thinner, it is less penetrable by growing roots and may become too shallow for them; [b] the capacity of the soil to retain water and make it available to plants is reduced; and [c] plant nutrients wash away with soil particles.
A more extreme form of erosion is terrain deformation. Water may cause the formation of rills i.
It may also cause the destruction of riverbanks, and mass movement landslides. Wind action may create deflation hollows and dunes. Finally, the covering of the land surface by wind-carried particles or overblowing is also recognized as a specific form of degradation.
Erosion risks depend both on natural conditions and on land use patterns. The climate especially rain intensityslopes, vegetation cover, and nature of the soil are important. In part, nutrients are lost through erosion: Salinization has "a deleterious effect on soil productivity and crop yields" FAO, ; in extreme cases, "damage from salinization is so great that it is technically unfeasible or totally uneconomic to reverse the process" FAO, These conditions make tillage more costly and impede seedling emergence.
Also, by restricting water infiltration, they cause faster run-off and water erosion. It is typical of irrigated areas, but may also occur through river flooding.
Waterlogging also increases salinity see above. As with salinization, the causes of waterlogging are in part physical and in part related to agricultural practices, namely inappropriate irrigation.
Gorse and Steeds write about a process of decline in the biological productivity of land that results in "desert, or skeletal soil that is irrecuperable".
UNEP defines it as land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting mainly from adverse human impact. The particular attention to dry climate settings owes much to the droughts of the s and early s and the alleged expansion of the Sahara.
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It provides no information on the nature of the degradation, nor on the nature of possible corrective actions. And it seems to designate an absolute evil, while the salinization of an irrigation area, although reversible, may be a greater loss than the washing away of the last inch of topsoil in a marginal area.
For FAO adesertification "is only one extreme aspect of the widespread deterioration of ecosystems under the combined pressure of adverse climate and agricultural exploitation". The rest of this paper will implicitly cover "desertification" in this sense, but usually will not isolate it from land degradation phenomena in general.
Annex 2 provides details on patterns of degradation at the regional level.
Incidence of 10 forms of land degradation at the global level percentage of total area degraded Loss of topsoil FAO estimates that, out of some million hectares currently irrigated, about 30 are severely affected by salinity and another 60 to 80 are affected to some extent.
Of the four countries with the largest irrigated areas together accounting for half of the global area salinity affects 28 percent of irrigated land in the USA, 23 percent in China, 21 percent in Pakistan and 11 percent in India Umale, The rate at which degraded areas expand is poorly known on a global scale, because there exist no preceding data with which to compare GLASOD results.
Estimates vary commonly between 5 and 12 million hectares lost annually out of a total 4. FAO warns that much progress still needs to be made on land use data collection before this and other important trends are adequately known.
The extent of the threat is certainly considerable: In addition much of the remaining cropland would lose some fertility due to the degradation of topsoil, with an overall loss in production potential in the order of 30 percent.
Let us review on- and off-farm effects, then look briefly into the question of aggregate effects at the sector level. This, in turn, increases production costs.Key 4: Consumer Behaviour Differs in Timing and Complexity.
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Event. Date. Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors. I think the controversy over GMOs represents one of the greatest science communications failures of the past half-century.
Millions, possibly billions, of people have come to believe what is essentially a conspiracy theory, generating fear and misunderstanding about a whole class of technologies on an unprecedentedly global scale. Poultry farming in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative business right now.
See the profit potential and step by step guide to poultry rearing in Nigeria. Population and Land Degradation (Text) ***** This document is being made available by the Population Information Network (POPIN) of the United Nations Population . The Harlem School of the Arts will posthumously honor Ethiopian American designer Amsale Aberra with the Visionary Lineage Award at a ceremony to be held at the New York Plaza Hotel on October 22nd,