But what does autism look like? As you observe a person's behavior, what might make you suspect he or she could have autism? To explore this question, we return to the very first written account of autism. First Accounts of Autism:
Essay This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. In the United States only, an estimated figure is given of 1 out of almost 70 births in the country.
The prevalence of autism and its inability to be curbed is attributed to the fact that autism is not preventable or curable.
This paper explores several aspects of the disease including its management. Developmental disorders These are a group of psychological conditions that manifest people from childhood, causing impairment in selective parts of the body.
These disorders include language, learning, speech, motor, neurodevelopment, and autism. Others that can loosely be classified as developmental impairments include schizophrenia and antisocial behavior Lord et.
These conditions are present from childhood and depending on the stage of diagnosis, and they improve as the toddler develops. Most of them are diagnosed under the age of 9 when those surrounding a child notice defects or certain inabilities in comparison to children of the same age.
There is no specific cause of these disorders, apart from existing theories that are used to draw scientific hypotheses.
The most significant characteristics in play involve genetic composition and environmental factors that disrupt the normal human development process and create abnormalities.
According to research on of the theory states that stress or trauma during the early childhood period can cause developmental disorders. He stated that autism was an inborn defect without a definite causative factor, and detected in children from as early as a few weeks after birth to three years of age.
Recent research attributes the disease to biology, naming hereditary factors and the pre and peri-natal environments as the greatest influencing factors. Autism spectrum refers to a variety of conditions that are classified as neurodevelopmental disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM These diseases include Asperger Syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, autism, and pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified, abbreviated as PDD-NOS Lord et.
However, the latest DSM-V manual includes both as a range of a larger disease depending on its severity Lauritsen, p.
Secondly, the DSM-5 handbook does not emphasize on the aspect of language delay or the exact age when the disease manifests itself Lauritsen, p. Instead, it is classified as a neurodevelopmental condition whose symptoms occur in the early childhood stage with possible diagnosis at a later date.
The DSM- 5 also changed the impairment areas from three to two namely social communication and behavior Lauritsen, p.
Finally, the clinical presentation of the disease currently uses clinical specifiers to describe ASD Lord et. According to scientific study, there are three types of genetic associations of ASD. The first is the familial aggregation of autism common in the siblings of affected ones, and the second category is the genetic combination of other conditions present in the family members of the afflicted children Lord et.
The third kind of genetic association involves the connection with specific conditions of recognized genetic composition Yuen et. For those whose diagnosis is missed by that age, the disease becomes noticeable when parents or educators detect anomalies based on how the children play, socialize, and communicate.Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD).
It is a bio-neurological developmental disability usually appearing before the age of three, best known for impairing a child’s ability to communicate and interact. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD).
It is a bio-neurological developmental disability usually appearing before the age of three, best known for impairing a child’s ability to communicate and interact.
History And Introduction To Autism Psychology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: As a mother with child being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (PDD-NOS). The only effective treatment for an Autistic child would be early intervention, Speech therapy, and Occupational therapy and special education classes.
Take a look at. - Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism spectrum disorder has become the most common neurological and developmental disorder diagnosed in children today. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention () estimate that 1 out of every 88 American children have been properly diagnosed.
Published: Tue, 25 Apr Autism spectrum disorder Introduction. Autism is an overall term which is used to describe a group of complicated brain developmental disorder which is also called pervasive developmental disorder.
Free Essay: Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism spectrum disorder has become the most common neurological and developmental disorder diagnosed in.