October 3, Other Name: He was the fighter against violence, civil disobedience. From his childhood, Gandhiji was growing up with worshipping the Hindu deities, following Jainism, vegetarianism, fasting, and meditation.
His mother, named Putlibai, was the fourth wife; the previous three wives died in childbirth. Gandhi was born into the vaishya business caste. He was 13 years old when married Kasturbai Ba Makhanji, through his parents arrangement. They had four sons. Gandhi learned tolerance and non-injury to living beings from an early age.
He was abstinent from meat, alcohol, and promiscuity. Gandhi studied law at the University of Bombay for one year, then at the University College London, from which he graduated inand was admitted to the bar of England.
His reading of "Civil Disobedience" by David Thoreau inspired his devotion to the principle of non-violence. He returned to Bombay and practiced law there for a year, then went to South Africa to work for an Indian firm in Natal. There Gandhi experienced racism: Later he was beaten by a stagecoach driver for refusing to travel on the foot-board to make room for a European passenger.
He was barred from many hotels because of his race. InGandhi founded the Natal Indian Congress. They focused on the Indian cause and British discrimination in South Africa.
InGandhi brought his wife and children to South Africa. He was attacked by a mob of racists, who tried to lynch him. He refused to press charges on any member of the mob. Gandhi became the first non-white lawyer to be admitted to the bar in South Africa.
During the South African War, Gandhi was a stretcher barer. He organized the Indian Ambulance corps of Indian volunteers and hundreds of associates to serve wounded black South Africans.
He was decorated for his courage at the Battle of Spion Kop. At that time Gandhi corresponded with Leo Tolstoy and expressed his admiration of the Tolstoyan principles of non-violence. He called upon his fellow Indians to defy the new law in a non-violent manner and suffer the punishment for doing so.
He was jailed on many occasions along with thousands of his supporters. Smuts to negotiate a compromise with Gandhi. However, Gandhi supported the British in World War I and encouraged Indians to join the Army to defend the British Empire, in compliance with the full citizenship requirement.
Back in India, Gandhi became active in the struggle for Indian Independence. He spoke at the conventions of the Indian National Congress, becoming one of its leaders.
InGandhi opposed the increasing tax levied by the British during the devastating famine. He was arrested in Champaran, state Bihar, for organizing civil resistance of tens of thousands of landless farmers and serfs.
In jail Gandhi was on a hunger strike in solidarity with the famine stricken farmers. Hundreds of thousands of his supporters gathered around the jail.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ ˈ ɡ ɑː n d i, ˈ ɡ æ n d i /; [needs Gujarati IPA] Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦəndaːs ˈkərəmtʃənd ˈɡaːndʱi] (listen); 2 October – 30 January ) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British pfmlures.com of death: Assassination. Gandhism is a body of ideas that describes the inspiration, vision and the life work of Mohandas Gandhi. It is particularly associated with his contributions to the idea of nonviolent resistance, sometimes also called civil resistance. Introduction Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is more popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2nd, and passed away on January 30th, He was the most popular leader of the Indian nationalist movement during the British-rule that lasted for nearly a century in India.
Then he represented the farmers in negotiation with the British administration. The tax collection was suspended and all prisoners were released. He declared that all violence was evil after the Amritsar massacre of civilians by British troops, which traumatized the Indian nation.
As the leader of the Indian National Congress party Gandhi launched "Swaraj", a campaign for independence and non-cooperation with the British authorities. He urged Indians to replace British goods with their own fabrics and goods.
He was imprisoned frombeing released after an appendectomy. During that time a Swaraj party was formed by his anxious opponents; it later dissolved back into the Congress.
Gandhi planned to achieve stability through the secularization of India, as the only way of uniting Hindus and Muslims in one peaceful nation.Mahatma Gandhi was born on in Porbandar in the state of Gujarat, India.
He was an Indian Politician, Freedom Fighter, Activist, Revolutionary, Journalist, Writer, Philosopher & Lawyer. Brief Biography of Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi: Summary of Ideas, Portrait & Quotes. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi led the struggle for India's independence from British colonial rule, empowered by tens of millions of common Indians.
From ancient Indian, Greek and Chinese Philosophy to modern Western Philosophy, this book explores the.
Watch video · Indian nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi (born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born on October 2, , in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was .
Introduction Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is more popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2nd, and passed away on January 30th, He was the most popular leader of the Indian nationalist movement during the British-rule that lasted for nearly a century in India.
Bio/wiki Real Name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Nickname Mahatma, Father of the Nation and Bapu Profession Politician, Lawyer, Peace Activist, Philosopher Major Works • Gandhi witnessed racism, prejudice, injustice against himself and Indians in South Africa, after .
Mahatma Gandhi - Resistance and results: Gandhi was not the man to nurse a grudge. On the outbreak of the South African (Boer) War in , he argued that the Indians, who claimed the full rights of citizenship in the British crown colony of Natal, were in duty bound to defend it.
He raised an ambulance corps of 1, volunteers, out of whom .